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Proceedings Paper

Simulated contrast performance of Phase Induced Amplitude Apodization (PIAA) coronagraph testbed
Author(s): Erkin Sidick; Brian Kern; Ruslan Belikov; Andreas Kuhnert; Stuart Shaklan
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Paper Abstract

We evaluate the broadband contrast performance of a Phase Induced Amplitude Apodization (PIAA) coronagraph configuration through modeling and simulations. Broadband occulter mask design for PIAA-CMC is at an early stage, and a study of the effects of wavefront control on broadband contrast is needed to determine the level of control the occulting mask must achieve, so that the combination of occulter and wavefront control optimization meets contrast targets. The basic optical design of the PIAA coronagraph is the same as NASA’s High Contrast Imaging Testbed (HCIT) setup at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Using two deformable mirrors and a broadband wavefront sensing and control algorithm, we create a “dark hole” in the broadband point-spread function (PSF) with an inner working angle (IWA) of 2(fλ/D)sky. We evaluate a system using PIAA mirrors to create an apodization but not having any wavefront error at its exit-pupil, and having an obscured pupil and a new, 20-ring PIAACMC occulting mask. We also investigate the effect of Lyot stops of various sizes. For the configuration simulated here with the second-generation PIAA mirrors and early mask designs (which were not yet fully optimized), the best 10% broadband contrast value was ~6.1×10-8. This is a 2x improvement beyond what the coronagraph produces in the absence of wavefront control, which implies that further improvement must come from architecture changes or further mask optimization improvements.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 August 2014
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9143, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2014: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave, 91430W (2 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2055006
Show Author Affiliations
Erkin Sidick, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Brian Kern, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Ruslan Belikov, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
Andreas Kuhnert, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Stuart Shaklan, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9143:
Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2014: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave
Jacobus M. Oschmann Jr.; Mark Clampin; Giovanni G. Fazio; Howard A. MacEwen, Editor(s)

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