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Proceedings Paper

Development and characterization of a 2D precision cryogenic chopper for METIS
Author(s): Sander Paalvast; Robert Huisman; Bernhard Brandl; Huub Jassen; Bayu Jayawardhana; Frank Molster; Maurice Teuwen; Lars Venema
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Paper Abstract

The Mid-infrared E-ELT Imager and Spectrograph, or METIS, is foreseen as an early instrument for the European Extremely Large Telescope (E-ELT). A key part of METIS is the Cold Chopper (MCC) which switches the optical beam between the target and a nearby reference sky during observation for characterization of the fluctuating IR background signal in post-processing. This paper discusses the development and characterization of the realized MCC demonstrator. The chopper mirror (Ø64mm) should tip/tilt in 2D with a combined angle of up to 13.6mrad with 1.7μrad stability and repeatability within 5ms (95% duty cycle at 5Hz) at 80K. As these requirements cannot be met in the presence of friction or backlash, the mirror is guided by a monolithically integrated flexure mechanism. The angular position is actuated by three linear actuators and measured by three linear position sensors, resulting in a fast tip, tilt, and focus mirror. Using the third actuator introduces symmetry, and thus homogeneity in forces and heat flux. In an earlier paper, Ref. [1], the design of the chopper and the breadboard level testing of the key components were discussed. Since then, the chopper design has been revised to implement the lessons learned from the breadboard test and a demonstrator has been realized. This demonstrator has undergone an elaborate test program for characterization and performance validation in a cryogenic environment, as discussed in this paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 August 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9151, Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation, 91510D (7 August 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2054874
Show Author Affiliations
Sander Paalvast, Janssen Precision Engineering B.V. (Netherlands)
Robert Huisman, SRON Netherlands Institute for Space Research (Netherlands)
Univ. of Groningen (Netherlands)
Bernhard Brandl, Leiden Observatory (Netherlands)
Huub Jassen, Janssen Precision Engineering B.V. (Netherlands)
Bayu Jayawardhana, Univ. of Groningen (Netherlands)
Frank Molster, NOVA (Netherlands)
Maurice Teuwen, Janssen Precision Engineering B.V. (Netherlands)
Lars Venema, ASTRON (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9151:
Advances in Optical and Mechanical Technologies for Telescopes and Instrumentation
Ramón Navarro; Colin R. Cunningham; Allison A. Barto, Editor(s)

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