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Proceedings Paper

Advanced EMI models for survey data processing: targets detection and classification
Author(s): F. Shubitidze; J. B. Sigman; Yinlin Wang; J. Miller; J. Keranen; I. Shamatava; B. E. Barrowes; K. O'Neill
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Paper Abstract

One of the most challenging aspects of survey data processing is target selection. The fundamental input for the classification is dynamic data collected along survey lines. These data are different from the static data obtained in cued mode and used for target classification. Survey data are typically collected using just one transmitter loop (the Z-axis loop) and feature short data point collection times and short decay transience. The collection intervals for each data point are typically 0.1 s, and the signal repetition rates are typically 90 or 270 Hz (in other words, the transient decay times are 2.7 ms or 0.9 ms). Reliable classification requires multiple side/angle illumination; i.e., to conduct reliable classification it is necessary to combine and jointly invert multiple data points. However, picking data points that provide optimal information for classifying targets is a difficult task. The traditional method plots signal amplitudes on a 2D map and picks peaks of signal level without properly accounting for the underlying physics. In this paper, the joint diagonalization is applied to survey data sets to improve data pre-processing and target picking. The JD technique is an EMI data analysis and target classification technique and is applicable for all next-generation multi-static array EMI sensors. The method extracts multi-static response data matrix eigenvalues. The eigenvalues are main characteristics of the data. Recent studies have demonstrated that the method has great potential to quickly estimate the number of potential targets and moreover classify these targets at the data pre-processing stage, in real time and without the need for a forward model. Another advantage of JD is that it provides the ability to separate signal from noise making it possible to de-noise data without distorting the signal due to the targets. In this paper the JD technique is used to process dynamic data collected at South West Proving Ground and Aberdeen Proving Ground (APG) sites using the 2 × 2 TEMTADS and OPTEMA systems, respectively. The joint eigenvalues are extracted as functions of time for each data point and summed/stacked together before being used to create detection maps. Once targets are detected, a set of data is chosen for each anomaly and inverted using the ortho-normalized volume magnetic source technique.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 June 2014
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 9072, Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIX, 90720J (9 June 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2050897
Show Author Affiliations
F. Shubitidze, Dartmouth College (United States)
White River Technologies, Inc. (United States)
J. B. Sigman, Dartmouth College (United States)
Yinlin Wang, Dartmouth College (United States)
J. Miller, White River Technologies, Inc. (United States)
J. Keranen, White River Technologies, Inc. (United States)
I. Shamatava, Dartmouth College (United States)
White River Technologies, Inc. (United States)
B. E. Barrowes, Dartmouth College (United States)
U.S. Army Engineer Research and Engineering Ctr. (United States)
K. O'Neill, Dartmouth College (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9072:
Detection and Sensing of Mines, Explosive Objects, and Obscured Targets XIX
Steven S. Bishop; Jason C. Isaacs, Editor(s)

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