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Proceedings Paper

Visualizing common operating picture of critical infrastructure
Author(s): Lauri Rummukainen; Lauri Oksama; Jussi Timonen; Jouko Vankka
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a solution for visualizing the common operating picture (COP) of the critical infrastructure (CI). The purpose is to improve the situational awareness (SA) of the strategic-level actor and the source system operator in order to support decision making. The information is obtained through the Situational Awareness of Critical Infrastructure and Networks (SACIN) framework. The system consists of an agent-based solution for gathering, storing, and analyzing the information, and a user interface (UI) is presented in this paper. The UI consists of multiple views visualizing information from the CI in different ways. Different CI actors are categorized in 11 separate sectors, and events are used to present meaningful incidents. Past and current states, together with geographical distribution and logical dependencies, are presented to the user. The current states are visualized as segmented circles to represent event categories. Geographical distribution of assets is displayed with a well-known map tool. Logical dependencies are presented in a simple directed graph, and users also have a timeline to review past events. The objective of the UI is to provide an easily understandable overview of the CI status. Therefore, testing methods, such as a walkthrough, an informal walkthrough, and the Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique (SAGAT), were used in the evaluation of the UI. Results showed that users were able to obtain an understanding of the current state of CI, and the usability of the UI was rated as good. In particular, the designated display for the CI overview and the timeline were found to be efficient.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 May 2014
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 9122, Next-Generation Analyst II, 912208 (22 May 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2050231
Show Author Affiliations
Lauri Rummukainen, National Defence Univ. (Finland)
Lauri Oksama, National Defence Univ. (Finland)
Jussi Timonen, National Defence Univ. (Finland)
Jouko Vankka, National Defence Univ. (Finland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9122:
Next-Generation Analyst II
Barbara D. Broome; David L. Hall; James Llinas, Editor(s)

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