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Proceedings Paper

Efficient volumetric estimation from plenoptic data
Author(s): Paul Anglin; Stanley J. Reeves; Brian S. Thurow
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Paper Abstract

The commercial release of the Lytro camera, and greater availability of plenoptic imaging systems in general, have given the image processing community cost-effective tools for light-field imaging. While this data is most commonly used to generate planar images at arbitrary focal depths, reconstruction of volumetric fields is also possible. Similarly, deconvolution is a technique that is conventionally used in planar image reconstruction, or deblurring, algorithms. However, when leveraged with the ability of a light-field camera to quickly reproduce multiple focal planes within an imaged volume, deconvolution offers a computationally efficient method of volumetric reconstruction. Related research has shown than light-field imaging systems in conjunction with tomographic reconstruction techniques are also capable of estimating the imaged volume and have been successfully applied to particle image velocimetry (PIV). However, while tomographic volumetric estimation through algorithms such as multiplicative algebraic reconstruction techniques (MART) have proven to be highly accurate, they are computationally intensive. In this paper, the reconstruction problem is shown to be solvable by deconvolution. Deconvolution offers significant improvement in computational efficiency through the use of fast Fourier transforms (FFTs) when compared to other tomographic methods. This work describes a deconvolution algorithm designed to reconstruct a 3-D particle field from simulated plenoptic data. A 3-D extension of existing 2-D FFT-based refocusing techniques is presented to further improve efficiency when computing object focal stacks and system point spread functions (PSF). Reconstruction artifacts are identified; their underlying source and methods of mitigation are explored where possible, and reconstructions of simulated particle fields are provided.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 March 2014
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 9020, Computational Imaging XII, 90200T (7 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2047257
Show Author Affiliations
Paul Anglin, Auburn Univ. (United States)
Stanley J. Reeves, Auburn Univ. (United States)
Brian S. Thurow, Auburn Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9020:
Computational Imaging XII
Charles A. Bouman; Ken D. Sauer, Editor(s)

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