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Proceedings Paper

Multilayer single-mode polymeric waveguides by imprint patterning for optical interconnects
Author(s): Tia Korhonen; Noora Salminen; Annukka Kokkonen; Noriyuki Masuda; Mikko Karppinen
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Paper Abstract

Low-loss single-mode waveguides are fabricated for optical interconnection applications. Such waveguides operating at telecom wavelength window are attractive for communicating between micro-photonic integrated circuit chips, such as silicon photonics, on the carrier/package, and also for enhanced coupling of photonic devices to fibers for longer reach interconnects. Manufacturing of the waveguides is based on direct pattering of optical polymeric materials by UV nanoimprinting. The advantages of the technology include the applicability to stack multiple layers of waveguides, fabrication on various substrate materials, and simultaneous fabrication of optical coupling structures. The developed process enables high wafer-level yield with precision overlay alignment. The multilayer waveguides were implemented using the so-called inverted rib waveguide process, that is, the shape of the waveguide cores are imprinted on the undercladding layer as grooves and then the core material is deposited on the cladding layer filling the grooves and also forming a thin slab layer. The subsequent deposition of the upper cladding layer finalizes the first waveguide layer and also starts the manufacturing of the next waveguide layer. The achieved wafer-scale layer-to-layer alignment tolerances were 1...2 μm and <0.3 μm in horizontal and vertical directions, respectively. Losses measured from the long waveguide spirals made of commercial ORMOCER materials on silicon wafers were 0.35 dB/cm at 1305 nm and 0.86 dB/cm at 1530 nm, which are only around 0.15 dB/cm higher than the material losses.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8991, Optical Interconnects XIV, 899103 (8 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2043153
Show Author Affiliations
Tia Korhonen, VTT Technical Research Ctr. of Finland (Finland)
Noora Salminen, VTT Technical Research Ctr. of Finland (Finland)
Annukka Kokkonen, VTT Technical Research Ctr. of Finland (Finland)
Noriyuki Masuda, VTT Technical Research Ctr. of Finland (Finland)
Mikko Karppinen, VTT Technical Research Ctr. of Finland (Finland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8991:
Optical Interconnects XIV
Henning Schröder; Ray T. Chen; Alexei L. Glebov, Editor(s)

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