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Proceedings Paper

Direction of an initial saccade depends on radiological expertise
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Paper Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the role of radiographic details in global impression of chest x-ray images viewed by experts in thoracic and non-thoracic domains. Materials and Methods: The study was approved by IRB. Five thoracic and five non-thoracic radiologists participated in two tachistoscopic (one low pass and one with the entire frequency spectrum, each lasting 270 ms) each containing 50 PA chest radiographs with 50% prevalence of pulmonary nodule. Eye movements were monitored in order to evaluate a pre-saccade shift of visual attention, saccade latency, decision time and the time to first fixation on a pulmonary nodule. Results: Thoracic radiologists showed significantly higher pre-saccadic shift of visual attention towards pulmonary nodules once using the full frequency spectrum (p < 0.05). An initial saccade orientation made by these radiologists on full resolution images correlated at significant level with their confidence ranking of pulmonary nodules (ρ = -0.387, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Thoracic radiologists benefited from high spatial frequency appearance during a rapid presentation of chest radiograph by allocating pre-saccade attention towards pulmonary nodules. This behavior correlated with a higher number of correct decisions, followed by higher confidence in the decisions made, and briefer reaction times.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 March 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9037, Medical Imaging 2014: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, 90371A (11 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2042828
Show Author Affiliations
Mariusz W. Pietrzyk, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Mark F. McEntee, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Brain & Mind Research Institute (Australia)
Michael E. Evanoff, The American Board of Radiology (United States)
Patrick C. Brennan, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Claudia R. Mello-Thoms, The Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Univ. of Pittsburgh (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9037:
Medical Imaging 2014: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment
Claudia R. Mello-Thoms; Matthew A. Kupinski, Editor(s)

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