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Proceedings Paper

Comparison between optimized GRE and RARE sequences for 19F MRI studies
Author(s): Chiara Dolores Soffientini; Alfonso Mastropietro; Matteo Caffini; Sara Cocco; Ileana Zucca; Alessandro Scotti; Giuseppe Baselli; Maria Grazia Bruzzone
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Paper Abstract

In 19F-MRI studies limiting factors are the presence of a low signal due to the low concentration of 19F-nuclei, necessary for biological applications, and the inherent low sensitivity of MRI. Hence, acquiring images using the pulse sequence with the best signal to noise ratio (SNR) by optimizing the acquisition parameters specifically to a 19F compound is a core issue. In 19F-MRI, multiple-spin-echo (RARE) and gradient-echo (GRE) are the two most frequently used pulse sequence families; therefore we performed an optimization study of GRE pulse sequences based on numerical simulations and experimental acquisitions on fluorinated compounds. We compared GRE performance to an optimized RARE sequence. Images were acquired on a 7T MRI preclinical scanner on phantoms containing different fluorinated compounds. Actual relaxation times (T1, T2, T2*) were evaluated in order to predict SNR dependence on sequence parameters. Experimental comparisons between spoiled GRE and RARE, obtained at a fixed acquisition time and in steady state condition, showed RARE sequence outperforming the spoiled GRE (up to 406% higher). Conversely, the use of the unbalanced-SSFP showed a significant increase in SNR compared to RARE (up to 28% higher). Moreover, this sequence (as GRE in general) was confirmed to be virtually insensitive to T1 and T2 relaxation times, after proper optimization, thus improving marker independence from the biological environment. These results confirm the efficacy of the proposed optimization tool and foster further investigation addressing in-vivo applicability.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 March 2014
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 9033, Medical Imaging 2014: Physics of Medical Imaging, 90334E (19 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2042658
Show Author Affiliations
Chiara Dolores Soffientini, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Alfonso Mastropietro, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico C. Besta (Italy)
Matteo Caffini, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Sara Cocco, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Ileana Zucca, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico C. Besta (Italy)
Alessandro Scotti, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico C. Besta (Italy)
Giuseppe Baselli, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Maria Grazia Bruzzone, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Neurologico C. Besta (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9033:
Medical Imaging 2014: Physics of Medical Imaging
Bruce R. Whiting; Christoph Hoeschen, Editor(s)

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