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Proceedings Paper

Safety of Soviet-designed nuclear reactors: a general assessment and international efforts to upgrade their safety
Author(s): Themis P. Speis
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Paper Abstract

This paper provides a general description of the various Soviet-designed reactor types operating in the countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU) and Eastern and Central Europe and the various safety issues associated with each reactor type, in terms of their design and operation. It also provides a general safety assessment and the technical potential for safety improvement for each reactor type (including potential short-term and longer-term actions). Other issues discussed, including their effect on safety, include organizational problems, lack of well established regulatory organizations, and the changing socio-political and economic situation. The condition of the Chernobyl sarcophagus and safety concerns related to it are addressed. Finally, international efforts and programs underway, including those originating in the USA, to provide financial and technical assistance to secure safety improvements and encourage indigenous improvements are noted.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 1995
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 2339, International Conference on Neutrons and Their Applications, (3 March 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.204146
Show Author Affiliations
Themis P. Speis, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2339:
International Conference on Neutrons and Their Applications
George Vourvopoulos; Themis Paradellis, Editor(s)

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