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Proceedings Paper

Slow-light enhanced nanoscale plasmonic waveguide sensors and switches
Author(s): Y. Huang; P. Dastmalchi; G. Veronis
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we introduce slow-light enhanced nanoscale plasmonic waveguide devices for manipulating light at the nanoscale. In particular, we investigate nanoplasmonic metal-dielectric-metal (MDM) waveguide structures for highsensitivity sensors. Such plasmonic waveguide systems can be engineered to support slow-light modes. We find that, as the slowdown factor increases, the sensitivity of the effective index of the mode to variations of the refractive index of the material filling the structures increases. Such slow-light enhancements of the sensitivity to refractive index variations lead to enhanced performance of active plasmonic devices such as sensors. We consider Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) sensors in which the sensing arm consists of a slow-light waveguide based on a plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). We show that a MZI sensor using such a waveguide leads to approximately an order of magnitude enhancement in the refractive index sensitivity, and therefore in the minimum detectable refractive index change, compared to a MZI sensor using a conventional MDM waveguide.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8988, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XVIII, 89880V (8 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2041057
Show Author Affiliations
Y. Huang, Louisiana State Univ. (United States)
Central South Univ. (China)
P. Dastmalchi, Louisiana State Univ. (United States)
G. Veronis, Louisiana State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8988:
Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XVIII
Jean Emmanuel Broquin; Gualtiero Nunzi Conti, Editor(s)

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