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Proceedings Paper

Eliciting steady-state visual evoked potentials by means of stereoscopic displays
Author(s): Enrico Calore; Davide Gadia; Daniele Marini
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Paper Abstract

Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs) provide users communication and control capabilities by analyzing their brain activity. A technique to implement BCIs, used recently also in Virtual Reality (VR) environments, is based on the Steady State Visual Evoked Potentials (SSVEPs) detection. Exploiting the SSVEP response, BCIs could be implemented showing targets flickering at different frequencies and detecting which is gazed by the observer analyzing her/his electroencephalographic (EEG) signals. In this work, we evaluate the use of stereoscopic displays for the presentation of SSVEP eliciting stimuli, comparing their effectiveness between monoscopic and stereoscopic stimuli. Moreover we propose a novel method to elicit SSVEP responses exploiting the stereoscopic displays capability of presenting dichoptic stimuli. We have created an experimental scene to present flickering stimuli on an active stereoscopic display, obtaining reliable control of the targets’ frequency independently for the two stereo views. Using an EEG acquisition device, we analyzed the SSVEP responses from a group of subjects. From the preliminary results, we got evidence that stereoscopic displays represent valid devices for the presentation of SSVEP stimuli. Moreover, the use of different flickering frequencies for the two views of a single stimulus proved to elicit non-linear interactions between the stimulation frequencies, clearly visible in the EEG signal. This suggests interesting applications for SSVEP-based BCIs in VR environments able to overcome some limitations imposed by the refresh frequency of standard displays, but also the use of commodity stereoscopic displays to implement binocular rivalry experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2014
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 9011, Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXV, 901126 (6 March 2014); doi: 10.1117/12.2036936
Show Author Affiliations
Enrico Calore, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
Davide Gadia, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
Daniele Marini, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9011:
Stereoscopic Displays and Applications XXV
Andrew J. Woods; Nicolas S. Holliman; Gregg E. Favalora, Editor(s)

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