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Proceedings Paper

The macular photostress test in diabetes, glaucoma, and cataract
Author(s): António M. G. Baptista; Raul A. R. C. Sousa; Filomena A. S. Q. Rocha; Paula Sepúlveda Fernandes; António F. Macedo
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Paper Abstract

Purpose. The photostress recovery time test (PSRT) has been widely reported as a helpful screening clinical tool. However, the poor standardization of its measurement technique remains to be a limitation among clinicians. The purpose of this study is to apply a recommended clinical technique to measure the PSRT in some of the most commons eye diseases to ascertain whether these diseases affect the PSRT values. Methods. One hundred and one controls and 105 patients, with diagnosed diabetes (without visible signs of diabetic retinopathy), primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) or cataracts underwent photostress testing. The test was performed with a direct ophthalmoscope for illuminating the macula for 30 seconds. Participants belonged to three age classes: A, B and C; and were divided into four groups: control, diabetic, POAG and cataract. The age range for A, B and C classes were respectively 43-54, 55-64 and 65-74 years. The groups were also further compared within each age class. In addition, the influence of age on PSRT was evaluated using the control group. Results. Results demonstrate that PSRT changes with age (p<0.02). In class A, diabetic group had a faster PSRT than control group, (mean ± standard deviation) 20.22±7.51 and 26.14±8.34 seconds. The difference between these groups was statistical significant (t-test, p=0.012). Cataract and POAG groups did not affect the PSRT significantly. Conclusions. The technique used for the Photostress showed that diabetics, younger than 54 years, may have faster PSRT and that, aging delays PSRT.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8785, 8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications, 8785FW (18 November 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2026235
Show Author Affiliations
António M. G. Baptista, Univ. do Minho (Portugal)
Raul A. R. C. Sousa, Clinical Practice (Portugal)
Filomena A. S. Q. Rocha, Clinical Practice (Portugal)
Paula Sepúlveda Fernandes, Clinical Practice (Portugal)
António F. Macedo, Univ. do Minho (Portugal)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8785:
8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications
Manuel Filipe P. C. Martins Costa, Editor(s)

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