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Proceedings Paper

Single-angle-of-incidence single-element rotating-polarizer (Single SERP) ellipsometer for film-substrate systems
Author(s): A. R. M. Zaghloul
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Paper Abstract

The single-element rotating-polarizer ellipsometer is where a rotating polarizer is inserted into the incident beam and the reflected-signal intensity is detected using a photodetector. The polarizer is either rotated mechanically or electromagnetically. The angle of incidence of the beam is adjusted to detect the angles where the detector signal is dc. The ellipsometric function of the film-substrate system under measurement is of a unity magnitude at those detected angle(s). The number of required measurements (such angles of incidence) is related (directly proportional) to the number of system parameters to be determined: film thickness is one parameter, film optical constant is two parameters, and substrate optical constant is two parameters. The more parameters to be determined, the more the number of measurements required. This creates film-thickness bands, which number and width depend on the system physical properties and the wavelength used for measurement, and where a continuum exists above a certain film-thickness value. Accordingly, full characterization of film-substrate systems is limited to systems with large film thicknesses for the required multiple angles of incidence to exist. In this paper, we use only one detected angle of incidence to fully characterize the film-substrate system. This allows for film-substrate systems with much smaller film thicknesses to be fully characterized. A fast genetic algorithm is used to heuristically obtain all the system parameters: film thickness and optical constants of the film and the substrate, or any subset thereof.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 September 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8873, Polarization Science and Remote Sensing VI, 887304 (27 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2024977
Show Author Affiliations
A. R. M. Zaghloul, Cairo Univ. (Egypt)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8873:
Polarization Science and Remote Sensing VI
Joseph A. Shaw; Daniel A. LeMaster, Editor(s)

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