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Proceedings Paper

Quasi-mosaicity as a powerful tool to investigate coherent effects
Author(s): Valerio Bellucci; Riccardo Camattari; Vincenzo Guidi
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Paper Abstract

Quasi-mosaicity is a mechanical property driven by anisotropy in diamond-like structure crystals such as Si and Ge. QM crystals were recently proposed as optical components of a Laue lens for focusing hard X-rays (with energy larger than 70 keV). In contrast to a Laue lens based on conventional crystals (e.g. mosaic crystals), usage of QM crystals allows focusing the incident beam in a spot smaller than the dimension of the diffracting crystal. Focusing of photons in a small spot would allow an unprecedented resolution and sensitivity, together with a wide-passband response. In astrophysics, a Laue lens implementing QM crystals should allow observations of cosmic phenomena producing X-ray emissions with high sensitivity. As another, a Laue lens would be useful for imaging in nuclear medicine, leading to a lower radioactive dose imparted to the patient because of no need for tomography scanning. Quasi-mosaicity was also used for bending Si crystals in order to steer high-energy particles via coherent effects in crystals, viz. planar channeling and volume reflection. Channeled or reflected light particles are also useful as sources of gamma ray beams with intense flux, which can be either monochromatic or polychromatic.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 September 2013
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 8861, Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VI, 88610B (26 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2024137
Show Author Affiliations
Valerio Bellucci, Univ. degli Studi di Ferrara (Italy)
Riccardo Camattari, Univ. degli Studi di Ferrara (Italy)
Vincenzo Guidi, Univ. degli Studi di Ferrara (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8861:
Optics for EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Astronomy VI
Stephen L. O'Dell; Giovanni Pareschi, Editor(s)

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