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Proceedings Paper

Cross-section curvature effect in plasmonic ring lasers
Author(s): Feifei Shi; Xudong Liu; Xin Gong; Zhaoyu Zhang
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Paper Abstract

Nanolasers have shown their potential in optical communication and information storage, due to their tiny footprint, potential high modulation rate and light spot under diffraction limit. In recent years, many structures use metal as whole or part of the cavity to achieve light confinement at subwavelength scale. In this paper, we propose and compare two novel types of hybrid plasmonic lasers, both with an ultrathin insulator layer sandwiched by a ring shape semiconductor and planar silver layer. The lasers differ in their cross-section curvature on the interface of metal and insulator. Finite difference time domain (FDTD) method is used to calculate and optimize these two ring laser structures. The resonant wavelength is set around 490 nm. The ultrathin thickness of the insulator layer makes photonic modes hybridize with surface plasmon plaritons (SPPs) at Ag-insulator interface, which confines the light field strongly in the ultrathin layer. The SPPs carry high momentum and high effective refractive index to TM mode. Whispering gallery mode is achieved according to strong feedback at the ring boundary by total internal reflection. The ring lasers have relatively high Q factors, approaching 100, at 250 nm radius and mode confinement around λ2/360. The mode volume can be shrunk to 0.1(λ/n)3 and 0.01(λ/n)3 respectively, which leads to Purcell factors around 70 for square cross-section and 380 for circle cross-section. We discuss the curvature effects on the mode volume and on the quality factor which accounts for the high Purcell factor for the circle cross-section.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 September 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8809, Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties XI, 880920 (11 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2024008
Show Author Affiliations
Feifei Shi, Peking Univ. Shenzhen Graduate School (China)
Xudong Liu, Peking Univ. Shenzhen Graduate School (China)
Xin Gong, Peking Univ. Shenzhen Graduate School (China)
Zhaoyu Zhang, Peking Univ. Shenzhen Graduate School (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8809:
Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties XI
Mark I. Stockman, Editor(s)

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