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Proceedings Paper

PLEIADES-HR 1A&1B image quality commissioning: innovative radiometric calibration methods and results
Author(s): Vincent Martin; Gwendoline Blanchet; Philippe Kubik; Sophie Lacherade; Christophe Latry; Laurent Lebegue; Florie Lenoir; Florence Porez-Nadal
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Paper Abstract

PLEIADES is an earth observing system conducted by the French National Space Agency, CNES. It consists of two satellites launched on December 2011 (PHR-1A) and December 2012 (PHR-1B), both designed to provide optical pushbroom imagery on five spectral bands to civilian and defense users, with ground sample distance up to 70 cm. During inflight image quality commissioning, radiometric activities included inter-detector normalization coefficients computation, refocusing operations, MTF assessment and estimation of signal to noise ratios. This paper presents inflight results for both satellites. It focuses on several innovative methods that were implemented, taking advantage of the satellite platform great agility. These methods are based on processing images obtained through dedicated exotic guidance. In particular, slow-motion steering enables an efficient estimation of the instrumental noise model, since during acquisition each detector has been viewing a stable ground target along different time samples. Conversely, rotated retina guidance is used to guarantee that all different elementary detectors have successively viewed the same set of landscape samples during acquisition. Non-uniformity of detector sensitivities can then be characterized, and on-board coefficients used prior to compression can be calibrated in order to prevent vertical striping effects on operational images. Defocus control and Point Spread Function estimation can be easily obtained through processing acquisitions of stars associated to various spectral characteristics, for different adjustments of the refocusing system. All these methods allow an accurate estimation of radiometric performance on the whole range of specified spectral radiances, while drastically reducing the number of required acquisitions on natural targets.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8866, Earth Observing Systems XVIII, 886610 (23 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2023337
Show Author Affiliations
Vincent Martin, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Gwendoline Blanchet, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Philippe Kubik, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Sophie Lacherade, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Christophe Latry, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Laurent Lebegue, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Florie Lenoir, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)
Florence Porez-Nadal, Ctr. National d'Études Spatiales (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8866:
Earth Observing Systems XVIII
James J. Butler; Xiaoxiong (Jack) Xiong; Xingfa Gu, Editor(s)

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