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Proceedings Paper

Experimental study of the low-order wavefront sensor for the high-contrast coronagraphic imager EXCEDE
Author(s): Julien Lozi; Ruslan Belikov; Glenn Schneider; Olivier Guyon; Eugene Pluzhnik; Sandrine J. Thomas; Frantz Martinache
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Paper Abstract

The mission EXCEDE (EXoplanetary Circumstellar Environments and Disk Explorer), selected by NASA for technology development, is designed to study the formation, evolution and architectures of exoplanetary systems and characterize circumstellar environments into stellar habitable zones. It is composed of a 0.7 m telescope equipped with a Phase-Induced Amplitude Apodization Coronagraph (PIAA-C) and a 2000-element MEMS deformable mirror, capable of raw contrasts of 10−6 at 1.2 λ/D and 10−7 above 2 λ/D. One of the key challenges to achieve those contrasts is to remove low-order aberrations, using a Low-Order WaveFront Sensor (LOWFS). An experiment simulating the starlight suppression system is currently developed at NASA Ames Research Center, and includes a LOWFS controlling tip/tilt modes in real time at 500 Hz. The LOWFS allowed us to reduce the tip/tilt disturbances to 10−3 λ/D rms, enhancing the previous contrast by a decade, to 8×10−7 between 1.2 and 2 λ/D. A Linear Quadratic Gaussian (LQG) controller is currently implemented to improve even more that result by reducing residual vibrations. This testbed shows that a good knowledge of the low-order disturbances is a key asset for high contrast imaging, whether for real-time control or for post processing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 September 2013
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8864, Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI, 88640O (26 September 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2022693
Show Author Affiliations
Julien Lozi, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Ruslan Belikov, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
Glenn Schneider, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Olivier Guyon, The Univ. of Arizona (United States)
Eugene Pluzhnik, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
Sandrine J. Thomas, NASA Ames Research Ctr. (United States)
Frantz Martinache, Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8864:
Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets VI
Stuart Shaklan, Editor(s)

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