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Proceedings Paper

3D shape and eccentricity measurements of fast rotating rough objects by two mutually tilted interference fringe systems
Author(s): J. W. Czarske; R. Kuschmierz; P. Günther
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Paper Abstract

Precise measurements of distance, eccentricity and 3D-shape of fast moving objects such as turning parts of lathes, gear shafts, magnetic bearings, camshafts, crankshafts and rotors of vacuum pumps are on the one hand important tasks. On the other hand they are big challenges, since contactless precise measurement techniques are required. Optical techniques are well suitable for distance measurements of non-moving surfaces. However, measurements of laterally fast moving surfaces are still challenging. For such tasks the laser Doppler distance sensor technique was invented by the TU Dresden some years ago. This technique has been realized by two mutually tilted interference fringe systems, where the distance is coded in the phase difference between the generated interference signals. However, due to the speckle effect different random envelopes and phase jumps of the interference signals occur. They disturb the phase difference estimation between the interference signals. In this paper, we will report on a scientific breakthrough on the measurement uncertainty budget which has been achieved recently. Via matching of the illumination and receiving optics the measurement uncertainty of the displacement and distance can be reduced by about one magnitude. For displacement measurements of a recurring rough surface a standard deviation of 110 nm were attained at lateral velocities of 5 m ∕ s. Due to the additionally measured lateral velocity and the rotational speed, the two-dimensional shape of rotating objects is calculated. The three-dimensional shape can be conducted by employment of a line camera. Since the measurement uncertainty of the displacement, vibration, distance, eccentricity, and shape is nearly independent of the lateral surface velocity, this technique is predestined for fast-rotating objects. Especially it can be advantageously used for the quality control of workpieces inside of a lathe towards the reduction of process tolerances, installation times and costs.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 June 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8769, International Conference on Optics in Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology (icOPEN2013), 876903 (22 June 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2020955
Show Author Affiliations
J. W. Czarske, Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany)
R. Kuschmierz, Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany)
P. Günther, Technische Univ. Dresden (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8769:
International Conference on Optics in Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology (icOPEN2013)
Chenggen Quan; Kemao Qian; Anand Asundi, Editor(s)

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