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Proceedings Paper

Application of spectroscopic techniques for the study of the surface changes in poplar wood and possible implications in conservation of wooden artefacts
Author(s): C. Pelosi; G. Agresti; L. Calienno; A. Lo Monaco; R. Picchio; U. Santamaria; V. Vinciguerra
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Paper Abstract

The aim of this work is to study the surface modifications of poplar (Populus spp.) wood by reflectance spectrophotometry and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy in order to understand the mechanisms that cause the changes and to suggest possible solutions to avoid the degradation phenomena. Since colour changes on wood surfaces are due to photo degradation of its chemical constituents, the study of the relationship between CIELAB colour changes and changes in chemical composition due to irradiation is of practical importance both in cultural heritage and in contemporary artefacts and objects. Concerning the surface protection of wood, starting from the results obtained by testing different commercial products, the attention has been focused on Linfoil®, a novel organic preservative/consolidant product that seems to attract a great interest in the field of conservation of wooden artefacts. Linfoil® was chosen and analysed in order to understand its composition and its time stability using reflectance spectrophotometry, FT-IR spectroscopy and analytical pyrolysis coupled to a gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric system. Colour monitoring allowed to find that wood surface colour undergoes an important variation due to photo-irradiation, occurring within the first 24 hours and mainly due to L* decrease and b* increase. Though Linfoil® treatment modifies wood colour, nevertheless it seems to protect wood surface by reducing the yellowish. FT-IR spectroscopy allowed to investigate the rate of photo-degradation of wood surface due to lignin oxidation. The most important result is that a correlation of the colour changes may be derived with the photo-degradation of lignin obtained by FT-IR analysis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 May 2013
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 8790, Optics for Arts, Architecture, and Archaeology IV, 879014 (30 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2020418
Show Author Affiliations
C. Pelosi, Univ. of Tuscia (Italy)
G. Agresti, Univ. of Tuscia (Italy)
L. Calienno, Univ. of Tuscia (Italy)
A. Lo Monaco, Univ. of Tuscia (Italy)
R. Picchio, Univ. of Tuscia (Italy)
U. Santamaria, Univ. of Tuscia (Italy)
V. Vinciguerra, Univ. of Tuscia (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8790:
Optics for Arts, Architecture, and Archaeology IV
Luca Pezzati; Piotr Targowski, Editor(s)

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