Proceedings PaperEnhancement of the dynamic Casimir effect within a metal photonic crystal
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If the counterposed metal plates are vibrated, when the gap between the plates becomes narrow, the energy of stationary states between the plates increases, and when it spreads, the energy decreases. Light with the energy for this energy difference arises. This is called dynamical Casimir effect. The author has so far investigated the interaction between lattice vibration and light in a one-dimensional metal photonic crystal whose stacked components are artificially vibrated by using actuators. A simple model was numerically analyzed, and the following novel phenomena were found out. The lattice vibration generates the light of frequency which added the integral multiple of the vibration frequency to that of the incident wave and also amplifies the incident wave resonantly. On a resonance, the amplification factor increases very rapidly with the number of layers. Resonance frequencies change with the phases of lattice vibration. The amplification phenomenon was analytically discussed for low frequency of the lattice vibration and is confirmed by numerical works. The lattice-vibrating metal photonic crystal is a system of dynamical Casimir effect connected in series, and so we can expect that a dynamical Casimir effect is enhanced by the photonic band effect. In the present study, when an electromagnetic field between metal plates is in the ground state in a one-dimensional metal photonic crystal, the radiation of electromagnetic wave in excited states has been investigated by artificially introducing lattice vibration to the photonic crystal. In this case as well as a dynamical Casimir effect, it has been shown that the harmonics of a ground state are generated just by vibrating a photonic crystal even without an incident wave. The dependencies of the radiating power on the number of layers and on the wavenumber of the lattice vibration are remarkable. It has found that the radiation amplitude on lower excited states is not necessarily large and radiation on specific excited levels is large.