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Proceedings Paper

Nonlinear self-reflection of intense ultra-wideband femtosecond pulses in optical fiber
Author(s): Leonid S. Konev; Yuri A. Shpolyanskiy
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Paper Abstract

We simulated propagation of few-cycle femtosecond pulses in fused silica fiber based on the set of first-order equations for forward and backward waves that generalizes widely used equation of unidirectional approximation. Appearance of a weak reflected field in conditions default to the unidirectional approach is observed numerically. It arises from nonmatched initial field distribution with the nonlinear medium response. Besides additional field propagating forward along with the input pulse is revealed. The analytical solution of a simplified set of equations valid over distances of a few wavelengths confirms generation of reflected and forward-propagating parts of the backward wave. It allowed us to find matched conditions when the reflected field is eliminated and estimate the amplitude of backward wave via medium properties. The amplitude has the order of the nonlinear contribution to the refractive index divided by the linear refractive index. It is small for the fused silica so the conclusions obtained in the unidirectional approach are valid. The backward wave should be proportionally higher in media with stronger nonlinear response. We did not observe in simulations additional self-reflection not related to non-matched boundary conditions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8772, Nonlinear Optics and Applications VII, 87720P (8 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2017075
Show Author Affiliations
Leonid S. Konev, SPbNRU ITMO (Russian Federation)
Yuri A. Shpolyanskiy, SPbNRU ITMO (Russian Federation)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8772:
Nonlinear Optics and Applications VII
Mario Bertolotti; Joseph Haus; Alexei M. Zheltikov, Editor(s)

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