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Proceedings Paper

Wide-bandwidth, wide-beamwidth, high-resolution, millimeter-wave imaging for concealed weapon detection
Author(s): David M. Sheen; Justin L. Fernandes; Jonathan R. Tedeschi; Douglas L. McMakin; A. Mark Jones; Wayne M. Lechelt; Ronald H. Severtsen
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Paper Abstract

Active millimeter-wave imaging is currently being used for personnel screening at airports and other high-security facilities. The cylindrical imaging techniques used in the deployed systems are based on licensed technology developed at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The cylindrical and a related planar imaging technique form three-dimensional images by scanning a diverging beam swept frequency transceiver over a two-dimensional aperture and mathematically focusing or reconstructing the data into three-dimensional images of the person being screened. The resolution, clothing penetration, and image illumination quality obtained with these techniques can be significantly enhanced through the selection of the aperture size, antenna beamwidth, center frequency, and bandwidth. The lateral resolution can be improved by increasing the center frequency, or it can be increased with a larger antenna beamwidth. The wide beamwidth approach can significantly improve illumination quality relative to a higher frequency system. Additionally, a wide antenna beamwidth allows for operation at a lower center frequency resulting in less scattering and attenuation from the clothing. The depth resolution of the system can be improved by increasing the bandwidth. Utilization of extremely wide bandwidths of up to 30 GHz can result in depth resolution as fine as 5 mm. This wider bandwidth operation may allow for improved detection techniques based on high range resolution. In this paper, the results of an extensive imaging study that explored the advantages of using extremely wide beamwidth and bandwidth are presented, primarily for 10-40 GHz frequency band.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 May 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8715, Passive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging XVI, 871509 (31 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2016132
Show Author Affiliations
David M. Sheen, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Justin L. Fernandes, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Jonathan R. Tedeschi, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Douglas L. McMakin, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
A. Mark Jones, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Wayne M. Lechelt, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Ronald H. Severtsen, Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8715:
Passive and Active Millimeter-Wave Imaging XVI
David A. Wikner; Arttu R. Luukanen, Editor(s)

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