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Proceedings Paper

Handy elementary algebraic properties of the geometry of entanglement
Author(s): Howard A. Blair; Paul M. Alsing
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Paper Abstract

The space of separable states of a quantum system is a hyperbolic surface in a high dimensional linear space, which we call the separation surface, within the exponentially high dimensional linear space containing the quantum states of an n component multipartite quantum system. A vector in the linear space is representable as an n-dimensional hypermatrix with respect to bases of the component linear spaces. A vector will be on the separation surface iff every determinant of every 2-dimensional, 2-by-2 submatrix of the hypermatrix vanishes. This highly rigid constraint can be tested merely in time asymptotically proportional to d, where d is the dimension of the state space of the system due to the extreme interdependence of the 2-by-2 submatrices. The constraint on 2-by-2 determinants entails an elementary closed formformula for a parametric characterization of the entire separation surface with d-1 parameters in the char- acterization. The state of a factor of a partially separable state can be calculated in time asymptotically proportional to the dimension of the state space of the component. If all components of the system have approximately the same dimension, the time complexity of calculating a component state as a function of the parameters is asymptotically pro- portional to the time required to sort the basis. Metric-based entanglement measures of pure states are characterized in terms of the separation hypersurface.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 May 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8749, Quantum Information and Computation XI, 874905 (28 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015994
Show Author Affiliations
Howard A. Blair, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Paul M. Alsing, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8749:
Quantum Information and Computation XI
Eric Donkor; Andrew R. Pirich; Howard E. Brandt, Editor(s)

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