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Proceedings Paper

Initial measurements of the angular velocity of walking humans using an active millimeter-wave correlation interferometer
Author(s): Kojo S. Zilevu; Kelly L. Kammerman; Jeffrey A. Nanzer
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Paper Abstract

The design of a 29.5 GHz experimental active interferometer for the measurement of the angular velocity of moving humans is presented in this paper, as well as initial measurements of walking humans. Measurement of the angular motion of moving objects is a desirable function in remote security sensing applications. Doppler radar sensors are able to measure the signature of moving humans based on micro-Doppler analysis; however, a person moving with little to no radial velocity produces negligible Doppler returns. Measurement of the angular movement of humans can be done with traditional radar techniques however the process involves either continuous tracking with narrow beamwidth or angle-of arrival estimation algorithms. Recently, the authors presented a new method of measuring the angular velocity of moving objects using interferometry. The method measures the angular velocity of an object without tracking or complex processing. The frequency shift imparted on the signal response is proportional to the angular velocity of the object as it passes through the interferometer beam pattern. The experimental system consists of a transmitter and two separate receivers with two widely spaced antennas. The received signals in each of the two channels are downconverted and digitized, and post-processed offline. Initial results of a walking person passing through the interferometer beam pattern are presented, which verify the expected operation of the receiver derived from the initial theory.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 May 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8714, Radar Sensor Technology XVII, 87141D (31 May 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2015849
Show Author Affiliations
Kojo S. Zilevu, Johns Hopkins Univ. Applied Physics Lab. (United States)
Kelly L. Kammerman, Syracuse Univ. (United States)
Jeffrey A. Nanzer, Johns Hopkins Univ. Applied Physics Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8714:
Radar Sensor Technology XVII
Kenneth I. Ranney; Armin Doerry, Editor(s)

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