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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Layered semiconductors for high power laser (NLO) applications
Author(s): Kerim Allakhverdiev; Eldar Salayev

Paper Abstract

A review of the physical properties and range of practical applications of layered (quasy two-dimensional (2-D)) GaSe-type (gallium selenide) semiconductors is given in the present article with emphasizes on GaSe. First data on the NLO properties of ε-GaSe (hereinafter GaSe) has been reported in 1972 by the Azerbaijanian (Institute of Physics Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan) and Russian (Lebedev Institute of Physics USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia) teams. GaSe has been recognized by the world scientific community as a crystal with an outstanding NLO properties which may be characterize shortly as follows: high optical birefringence Δn ~ 0.3 at 700 nm; wide optical transparency range of 0.65 nm - 18 μm with low absorption coefficient in this range ( α ≤0.3 cm-1); one of the highest second-order NLO coefficient (d22 ≈ 86 ± 17 pm/V); high power optical damage threshold; possibility to perform frequency conversion under phase-matching conditions in the near- to mid-IR and THz- range of spectra, etc. Occurrence of different polytypes (ε, γ, β, δ), in the bulk grown crystal highly increases the interest to study the physical properties of GaSe and leads to formation of a domain structure. The latter is discussed also in the present article as studied by confocal microscopy 2D imaging experiments. Some results on the optical and NLO properties of nanoparticles of this class of materials are considered also. Present article, does not pretend to be one reflecting all existing papers on above mentioned subjects.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 January 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8677, XIX International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications 2012, 867718 (30 January 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2014202
Show Author Affiliations
Kerim Allakhverdiev, TÜBITAK Marmara Research Ctr. (Turkey)
Azerbaijan National Academy of Aviation (Azerbaijan)
Eldar Salayev, Institute of Physics (Azerbaijan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8677:
XIX International Symposium on High-Power Laser Systems and Applications 2012
Kerim R. Allakhverdiev, Editor(s)

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