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Proceedings Paper

Masking of infrared neural stimulation (INS) in hearing and deaf guinea pigs
Author(s): Sama Kadakia; Hunter Young; Claus-Peter Richter
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Paper Abstract

Spatial selective infrared neural stimulation has potential to improve neural prostheses, including cochlear implants. The heating of a confined target volume depolarizes the cell membrane and results in an action potential. Tissue heating may also results in thermal damage or the generation of a stress relaxation wave. Stress relaxation waves may result in a direct mechanical stimulation of remaining hair cells in the cochlea, so called optophony. Data are presented that quantify the effect of an acoustical stimulus (noise masker) on the response obtained with INS in normal hearing, acutely deafened, and chronic deaf animals. While in normal hearing animals an acoustic masker can reduce the response to INS, in acutely deafened animals the masking effect is reduced, and in chronic deaf animals this effect has not been detected. The responses to INS remain stable following the different degrees of cochlear damage.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8565, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IX, 85655V (8 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2013848
Show Author Affiliations
Sama Kadakia, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Hunter Young, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Claus-Peter Richter, Northwestern Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8565:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IX
Andreas Mandelis; Brian Jet-Fei Wong; Anita Mahadevan-Jansen; Henry Hirschberg M.D.; Hyun Wook Kang; Nikiforos Kollias; Melissa J. Suter; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Guillermo J. Tearney M.D.; Stephen Lam; Bernard Choi; Steen J. Madsen; Bodo E. Knudsen M.D.; E. Duco Jansen; Justus F. Ilgner M.D.; Haishan Zeng; Matthew Brenner; Laura Marcu, Editor(s)

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