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Proceedings Paper

Novel silicone compatible cross-linkers for controlled functionalization of PDMS networks
Author(s): Frederikke B. Madsen; Anders Egede Daugaard; Søren Hvilsted; Anne Ladegaard Skov
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Paper Abstract

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastomers are excellent materials for dielectric electroactive polymers (DEAPs) due to their high efficiency and fast response. PDMS suffers, however, from low dielectric permittivity and high voltages are therefore required when the material is used for DEAP actuators. In order to improve the dielectric properties of PDMS a novel system is developed where push-pull dipoles are grafted to a new silicone compatible cross-linker. The grafted cross-linkers are prepared by reaction of two different push-pull dipole alkynes as well as a fluorescent alkyne with the new azide-functional cross-linker by click chemistry. The dipole cross-linkers are used to prepare PDMS elastomers of various chains lengths providing different network densities. The functionalized cross-linkers are incorporated successfully into the networks and are well distributed as determined by the fluorescent functional cross-linker and fluorescence microscopy. The thermal, mechanical and electro-mechanical properties of PDMS elastomers of 0 wt% to 3.6 wt% of push-pull dipole cross-linker are investigated. An increase in the dielectric permittivity of 19 % at only 0.46 wt% of pure push-pull dipole is observed. Furthermore, the dielectric losses are found to be very low while the electrical breakdown strengths are high and adequate for DEAP applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 April 2013
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 8687, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2013, 86871H (9 April 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2011868
Show Author Affiliations
Frederikke B. Madsen, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
Anders Egede Daugaard, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
Søren Hvilsted, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)
Anne Ladegaard Skov, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8687:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2013
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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