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Proceedings Paper

Practical study on the electron-beam-only alignment strategy for the electron beam direct writing technology
Author(s): Yoshinori Kojima; Yasushi Takahashi; Shuzo Ohshio; Shinji Sugatani; Junichi Kon
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Paper Abstract

Techniques to introduce of electron beam direct writing (EBDW) technology into the volume production lines for the 65 nm process technology are shown and discussed. In order to apply these techniques in a harmonious way, partial modifications to the current production line infrastructures are required, because those infrastructures have been optimized for the conventional photolithography technology. One of the large differences is with the alignment. For the gate layer, the appropriate solution is to have an additional process step to remove SiO2 material filled in the shallow trench isolation alignment marks before the patterning. For the dual damascene process at the metal layers, careful consideration of the choice between the indirect alignment or the direct alignment is necessary, when the metal layer is aligned to the previous via layer underneath. We expect that these techniques can be used for the advanced node devices as well, while some new structures would be applied on these devices. In addition to the optimizing the alignment mark structures, the appropriate adjustment of EBDW system parameters by advanced process control (APC) is required, in order to have enough overlay accuracy at the actual production use. Although such process control systems are normally optimized to photolithography, we have confirmed that APC system can be also used for the EBDW technology for appropriate overlay accuracy control. Furthermore, the alignment budget in our systems is created and the alignment accuracy in our future system is estimated based on it. Based on the findings from these discussions, we expect that the EBDW with e-beam-only alignment will be applicable for the production of the 11 nm half-pitch process technology node and the beyond.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 March 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8680, Alternative Lithographic Technologies V, 868026 (26 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2011628
Show Author Affiliations
Yoshinori Kojima, e-Shuttle Inc. (Japan)
Yasushi Takahashi, e-Shuttle Inc. (Japan)
Shuzo Ohshio, e-Shuttle Inc. (Japan)
Shinji Sugatani, e-Shuttle Inc. (Japan)
Junichi Kon, Fujitsu Labs. Ltd. (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8680:
Alternative Lithographic Technologies V
William M. Tong, Editor(s)

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