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Proceedings Paper

Edge adaptive intra field de-interlacing of video images
Author(s): Vladimir Lachine; Gregory Smith; Louie Lee
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Paper Abstract

Expanding image by an arbitrary scale factor and thereby creating an enlarged image is a crucial image processing operation. De-interlacing is an example of such operation where a video field is enlarged in vertical direction with 1 to 2 scale factor. The most advanced de-interlacing algorithms use a few consequent input fields to generate one output frame. In order to save hardware resources in video processors, missing lines in each field may be generated without reference to the other fields. Line doubling, known as “bobbing”, is the simplest intra field de-interlacing method. However, it may generate visual artifacts. For example, interpolation of an inserted line from a few neighboring lines by vertical filter may produce such visual artifacts as “jaggies.” In this work we present edge adaptive image up-scaling and/or enhancement algorithm, which can produce “jaggies” free video output frames. As a first step, an edge and its parameters in each interpolated pixel are detected from gradient squared tensor based on local signal variances. Then, according to the edge parameters including orientation, anisotropy and variance strength, the algorithm determines footprint and frequency response of two-dimensional interpolation filter for the output pixel. Filter’s coefficients are defined by edge parameters, so that quality of the output frame is controlled by local content. The proposed method may be used for image enlargement or enhancement (for example, anti-aliasing without resampling). It has been hardware implemented in video display processor for intra field de-interlacing of video images.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 February 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8666, Visual Information Processing and Communication IV, 86660A (21 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2010390
Show Author Affiliations
Vladimir Lachine, Qualcomm Canada Inc. (Canada)
Gregory Smith, Qualcomm Canada Inc. (Canada)
Louie Lee, Qualcomm Canada Inc. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8666:
Visual Information Processing and Communication IV
Amir Said; Onur G. Guleryuz; Robert L. Stevenson, Editor(s)

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