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Proceedings Paper

Propagation of quantum optical fields under the conditions of multi-photon resonances in a coherent atomic vapor
Author(s): Gleb Romanov; Travis Horrom; Irina Novikova; Eugeniy E. Mikhailov
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Paper Abstract

We investigate weak optical probe pulse propagation in a resonant Lambda and N-interaction schemes, and investigate the role of the four-wave mixing on classical and quantum properties of the probe field. In particular, we focus our attention on two configurations. In the first case we take into account the off-resonant coupling of the strong field to the signal field ground state. Such configuration is relevant for EIT-based slow light and quantum memory. In the second configuration the additional control field is derived from an independent laser, and it is tuned to a different optical resonance from the ones forming an original Lambda system. Such interaction scheme allows realization of tunable slow and fast light, and was considered with regards to enhancement of optical gyroscopes performance. We demonstrate that in both cases the four-wave mixing (FWM) has a profound effect on signal field group velocity and absorption profile, and may even lead to gain. We present both semi-classical and fully quantum treatments for propagation of both signal and newly generated Stokes fields that include accurate description of their quantum noise. In particular, we analyze the case of a quadrature-squeezed signal field, and demonstrate that vacuum fluctuations of the Stokes field couple into the signal field through the FWM process and degrades the squeezing. The severity of this degradation grows with optical depths of an atomic medium, setting an additional practical limits for the experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8636, Advances in Slow and Fast Light VI, 863616 (6 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2010113
Show Author Affiliations
Gleb Romanov, College of William and Mary (United States)
Travis Horrom, College of William and Mary (United States)
Irina Novikova, College of William and Mary (United States)
Eugeniy E. Mikhailov, College of William and Mary (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8636:
Advances in Slow and Fast Light VI
Selim M. Shahriar; Frank A. Narducci, Editor(s)

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