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Proceedings Paper

Nanoparticles for diagnostics and laser medical treatment of cartilage in orthopaedics
Author(s): O. I. Baum; Yu. M. Soshnikova; A. I. Omelchenko; Emil Sobol
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Paper Abstract

Laser reconstruction of intervertebral disc (LRD) is a new technique which uses local, non-destructive laser irradiation for the controlled activation of regenerative processes in a targeted zone of damaged disc cartilage. Despite pronounced advancements of LRD, existing treatments may be substantially improved if laser radiation is absorbed near diseased and/or damaged regions in cartilage so that required thermomechanical stress and strain at chondrocytes may be generated and non-specific injury reduced or eliminated. The aims of the work are to study possibility to use nanoparticles (NPs) to provide spatial specificity for laser regeneration of cartilage. Two types of porcine joint cartilage have been impregnated with magnetite NPs: 1) fresh cartilage; 2) mechanically damaged cartilage. NPs distribution was studied using transition electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and analytical ultracentrifugation techniques. Laser radiation and magnetic field have been applied to accelerate NPs impregnation. It was shown that NPs penetrate by diffusion into the mechanically damaged cartilage, but do not infiltrate healthy cartilage. Temperature dynamics in cartilage impregnated with NPs have been theoretically calculated and measurements using an IR thermo vision system have been performed. Laser-induced alterations of cartilage structure and cellular surviving have been studied for cartilage impregnated with NPs using histological and histochemical techniques. Results of our study suggest that magnetite NPs might be used to provide spatial specificity of laser regeneration. When damaged, the regions of cartilage impreganted with NPs have higher absorption of laser radiation than that for healthy areas. Regions containing NPs form target sites that can be used to generate laser-induced thermo mechanical stress leading to regeneration of cartilage of hyaline type.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 February 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8595, Colloidal Nanocrystals for Biomedical Applications VIII, 85951K (22 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2008536
Show Author Affiliations
O. I. Baum, Institute on Laser and Information Technologies (Russian Federation)
Yu. M. Soshnikova, Institute on Laser and Information Technologies (Russian Federation)
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State Univ. (Russian Federation)
A. I. Omelchenko, Institute on Laser and Information Technologies (Russian Federation)
Emil Sobol, Institute on Laser and Information Technologies (Russian Federation)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8595:
Colloidal Nanocrystals for Biomedical Applications VIII
Wolfgang J. Parak; Marek Osinski; Kenji Yamamoto, Editor(s)

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