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Proceedings Paper

Evaluating structural pattern recognition for handwritten math via primitive label graphs
Author(s): Richard Zanibbi; Harold Mouchère; Christian Viard-Gaudin
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Paper Abstract

Currently, structural pattern recognizer evaluations compare graphs of detected structure to target structures (i.e. ground truth) using recognition rates, recall and precision for object segmentation, classification and relationships. In document recognition, these target objects (e.g. symbols) are frequently comprised of multiple primitives (e.g. connected components, or strokes for online handwritten data), but current metrics do not characterize errors at the primitive level, from which object-level structure is obtained. Primitive label graphs are directed graphs defined over primitives and primitive pairs. We define new metrics obtained by Hamming distances over label graphs, which allow classification, segmentation and parsing errors to be characterized separately, or using a single measure. Recall and precision for detected objects may also be computed directly from label graphs. We illustrate the new metrics by comparing a new primitive-level evaluation to the symbol-level evaluation performed for the CROHME 2012 handwritten math recognition competition. A Python-based set of utilities for evaluating, visualizing and translating label graphs is publicly available.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 February 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8658, Document Recognition and Retrieval XX, 865817 (4 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2008409
Show Author Affiliations
Richard Zanibbi, Rochester Institute of Technology (United States)
Harold Mouchère, L’UNAM, IRCCyN, Univ. de Nantes (France)
Christian Viard-Gaudin, L’UNAM, IRCCyN, Univ. de Nantes (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8658:
Document Recognition and Retrieval XX
Richard Zanibbi; Bertrand Coüasnon, Editor(s)

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