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Proceedings Paper

An online motion- and misalignment-correction method for medical flat-detector CT
Author(s): Julia Wicklein; Yiannis Kyriakou; Willi A. Kalender; Holger Kunze
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Paper Abstract

Misalignment-Correction in C-arm-based flat-detector CT (FD-CT) is a frequently discussed problem. To avoid artifacts caused by geometrical instabilities, numerous methods for misalignment correction were investigated. Most of them make use of a foregoing calibration routine, based on scanning a specific phantom. The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate an online image-content-based calibration technique without using any kind of marker or calibration phantom. The introduced method is based on a gradient descent method, minimizing an entropy criterion which is used to optimize the underlying geometry parameters of the acquisition system. It is formed as multistep approach, including a global, local and projection wise optimization. This enables the elimination of general system misalignments, as well as a reduction of streak artifacts and the adjustment of patient motion artifacts. Phantom and patient measurements with the C-arm FD-CT system Artis Zeego (Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Forchheim, Germany) were used to validate the algorithm for realistic applications. It reduced most of the actual misalignment and increased image quality drastically. Phantom-studies, starting from the standard system geometry without a foregoing calibration showed very good results. Online-calibration is possible with our approach and therefore, the limitation to predefined scan-protocols is obsolete. The evaluation of patient datasets brought out the same conclusions and provides the implication of simultaneous patient motion compensation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8668, Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging, 86681S (6 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007383
Show Author Affiliations
Julia Wicklein, Friedrich-Alexander-Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany)
Yiannis Kyriakou, Siemens AG (Germany)
Willi A. Kalender, Friedrich-Alexander-Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany)
Holger Kunze, Siemens AG (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8668:
Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging
Robert M. Nishikawa; Bruce R. Whiting; Christoph Hoeschen, Editor(s)

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