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Proceedings Paper

Integrating shape into an interactive segmentation framework
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a novel interactive annotation toolbox which extends a well-known user-steered segmentation framework, namely Intelligent Scissors (IS). IS, posed as a shortest path problem, is essentially driven by lower level image based features. All the higher level knowledge about the problem domain is obtained from the user through mouse clicks. The proposed work integrates one higher level feature, namely shape up to a rigid transform, into the IS framework, thus reducing the burden on the user and the subjectivity involved in the annotation procedure, especially during instances of occlusions, broken edges, noise and spurious boundaries. The above mentioned scenarios are commonplace in medical image annotation applications and, hence, such a tool will be of immense help to the medical community. As a first step, an offline training procedure is performed in which a mean shape and the corresponding shape variance is computed by registering training shapes up to a rigid transform in a level-set framework. The user starts the interactive segmentation procedure by providing a training segment, which is a part of the target boundary. A partial shape matching scheme based on a scale-invariant curvature signature is employed in order to extract shape correspondences and subsequently predict the shape of the unsegmented target boundary. A ‘zone of confidence’ is generated for the predicted boundary to accommodate shape variations. The method is evaluated on segmentation of digital chest x-ray images for lung annotation which is a crucial step in developing algorithms for screening Tuberculosis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 February 2013
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 8670, Medical Imaging 2013: Computer-Aided Diagnosis, 867030 (28 February 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007262
Show Author Affiliations
S. Kamalakannan, Texas Tech Univ. (United States)
B. Bryant, Texas Tech Univ. (United States)
H. Sari-Sarraf, Texas Tech Univ. (United States)
R. Long, National Library of Medicine (United States)
S. Antani, National Library of Medicine (United States)
G. Thoma, National Library of Medicine (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8670:
Medical Imaging 2013: Computer-Aided Diagnosis
Carol L. Novak; Stephen Aylward, Editor(s)

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