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Proceedings Paper

Combining active appearance and deformable superquadric models for LV segmentation in cardiac MRI
Author(s): Sharath Gopal; Yuka Otaki; Reza Arsanjani; Daniel Berman; Demetri Terzopoulos; Piotr Slomka
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Paper Abstract

In this work we automatically segment the left ventricle (LV) in cardiac MR images in the end-diastole (ED) and end-systole (ES) phases using a novel approach that combines statistical and deterministic deformable models. A 3D Active Appearance Model (AAM) is used to segment the ED phase. The AAM texture model is trained on radial samples from gradient magnitude images to make the fitting process faster and more discriminative. A trained ED-to-ES shape correspondence model is used to map a given ED shape to an ES shape. Once the AAM model converges to a shape in ED, the correspondence model is used to get an approximate ES shape. We segment the LV in the ES phase by first fitting a deformable superquadric to the AAM converged shape (in ED) using data range forces and then tracking the LV using image and data range forces (for the ES shape obtained from correspondence model). We test our approach by performing leave-one-out training on a 35 patient datasets. The data comprises 19 normal patients and 16 patients having heart abnormalities (cardiomyopathy and myocardial infarction). The composition makes it a challenging data collection with significant shape variation. The performance of our method is evaluated by measuring the mismatch between automatically segmented and expert delineated contours using the Mean Perpendicular Distance (MPD) and Dice metrics. The average MPD is 2.6mm for ED and 3.7mm for ES (error mostly towards the apex and base). The average Dice is 0.9 for ED and 0.8 for ES. These results show good potential for clinical use.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2013
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing, 86690G (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007094
Show Author Affiliations
Sharath Gopal, Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. (United States)
Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Yuka Otaki, Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. (United States)
Reza Arsanjani, Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. (United States)
Daniel Berman, Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. (United States)
Demetri Terzopoulos, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)
Piotr Slomka, Cedars-Sinai Medical Ctr. (United States)
David Geffen School of Medicine, Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8669:
Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing
Sebastien Ourselin; David R. Haynor, Editor(s)

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