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Proceedings Paper

Automatic segmentation of abdominal wall in ventral hernia CT: a pilot study
Author(s): Zhoubing Xu; Wade M. Allen; Benjamin K. Poulose; Bennett A. Landman
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Paper Abstract

The treatment of ventral hernias (VH) has been a challenging problem for medical care. Repair of these hernias is fraught with failure; recurrence rates ranging from 24-43% have been reported, even with the use of biocompatible mesh. Currently, computed tomography (CT) is used to guide intervention through expert, but qualitative, clinical judgments; notably, quantitative metrics based on image-processing are not used. We propose that image segmentation methods to capture the three-dimensional structure of the abdominal wall and its abnormalities will provide a foundation on which to measure geometric properties of hernias and surrounding tissues and, therefore, to optimize intervention. To date, automated segmentation algorithms have not been presented to quantify the abdominal wall and potential hernias. In this pilot study with four clinically acquired CT scans on post-operative patients, we demonstrate a novel approach to geometric classification of the abdominal wall and essential abdominal features (including bony landmarks and skin surfaces). Our approach uses a hierarchical design in which the abdominal wall is isolated in the context of the skin and bony structures using level set methods. All segmentation results were quantitatively validated with surface errors based on manually labeled ground truth. Mean surface errors for the outer surface of the abdominal wall was less than 2mm. This approach establishes a baseline for characterizing the abdominal wall for improving VH care.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing, 86693T (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007060
Show Author Affiliations
Zhoubing Xu, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Wade M. Allen, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Benjamin K. Poulose, Vanderbilt Univ. Medical Ctr. (United States)
Bennett A. Landman, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8669:
Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing
Sebastien Ourselin; David R. Haynor, Editor(s)

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