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Proceedings Paper

Quantifying cross scatter in biplane fluoroscopy motion analysis systems
Author(s): Janelle A. Cross; Ben McHenry; Taly Gilat Schmidt
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Paper Abstract

Biplane fluoroscopy is currently used for dynamic, in vivo three-dimensional motion analysis of various joints of the body. The benefits of fluoroscopy compared to conventional optical marker tracking methods are the elimination of marker skin motion artifacts, and the ability to directly quantify in vivo skeletal motion that is not optically accessible while wearing orthotic devices and footwear. One potential drawback for biplane fluoroscopy is the cross-scatter contamination between two gantries, as the acquisitions are typically synchronized to facilitate motion tracking. The purpose of this study was to experimentally measure the magnitude and effects of cross-scatter in biplane fluoroscopic images acquired over a range of gantry angles (45-90°) and kV settings (60-110 kV). Four cylindrical water phantoms of 4, 6, 8, and 10-in diameter were imaged, each containing a 1-in diameter Teflon sphere. The cross-scatter fraction and the relative change in contrast-to-noise ratio due to cross scatter were calculated. Results demonstrated that the crossscatter fraction varied from 0.051 for the 4-in cylinder to 1.326 for the 10-in cylinder at 60 kV, and from 0.010 to 0.832 at 110 kV. The reduction in ΔCNR ranged from 0.974 (110 kV, 75°) for the 4-in cylinder to 0.618 (60 kV, 60°) for the 10-in cylinder. The results suggest that cross-scatter contamination during biplane fluoroscopy is relatively low when imaging distal extremities, and would not likely require antiscatter grids or asynchronous timing circuits. Analyzing joints with more soft tissue may introduce cross scatter that could reduce accuracy and may require additional scatter reduction hardware.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8668, Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging, 86685X (6 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2007045
Show Author Affiliations
Janelle A. Cross, Marquette Univ. (United States)
Ben McHenry, Marquette Univ. (United States)
Taly Gilat Schmidt, Marquette Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8668:
Medical Imaging 2013: Physics of Medical Imaging
Robert M. Nishikawa; Bruce R. Whiting; Christoph Hoeschen, Editor(s)

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