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Proceedings Paper

Near-lossless compression of computed tomography images using predictive coding with distortion optimization
Author(s): Andreas Weinlich; Peter Amon; Andreas Hutter; André Kaup
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents a method for iterative minimization of combined residual and prediction error for near-lossless compression of medical computed tomography acquisitions using pixel-wise least-squares prediction. While most other lossy state-of-the-art image compression systems like JPEG 2000 make use of transform-based coding, in lossless coding higher compression ratios can be achieved with plain predictive algorithms like JPEG-LS because of their non-linear data adaptive energy reduction. Yet, applying these algorithms in lossy coding, simple quantization usually leads to error propagation and therefore serious quality loss or rate increase, as prediction accuracy of a pixel value and thus data rate depends on the previously reconstructed image region. The proposed minimization approach modifies the original image to be coded in a way such that the edge-directed prediction method from literature may achieve better predictions while introducing only a minimum amount of distortion. Compared to transform-based coding methods, the distortion introduced by the proposed scheme mostly consists in noise reduction instead of blurring or the introduction of artificial structures. The method also prevents error propagation due to the consideration of all pixel dependencies of the prediction. It is shown that, combined with a context-adaptive arithmetic coder, in high-fidelity coding (i. e., PSNR higher than 55 dB) the proposed method can achieve higher compression ratios than the transform-based approaches JPEG 2000, H.264/AVC, and HEVC intra coding.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2013
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing, 86691G (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006931
Show Author Affiliations
Andreas Weinlich, Friedrich-Alexander-Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany)
Siemens Corporate Technology (Germany)
Peter Amon, Siemens Corporate Technology (Germany)
Andreas Hutter, Siemens Corporate Technology (Germany)
André Kaup, Friedrich-Alexander-Univ. Erlangen-Nürnberg (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8669:
Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing
Sebastien Ourselin; David R. Haynor, Editor(s)

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