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Proceedings Paper

Analysis of brain white matter hyperintensities using pattern recognition techniques
Author(s): Mariana Bento; Letícia Rittner; Simone Appenzeller; Aline Lapa; Roberto Lotufo
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Paper Abstract

The brain white matter is responsible for the transmission of electrical signals through the central nervous system. Lesions in the brain white matter, called white matter hyperintensity (WMH), can cause a significant functional deficit. WMH are commonly seen in normal aging, but also in a number of neurological and psychiatric disorders. We propose here an automatic method for WHM analysis in order to distinguish regions of interest between normal and non-normal white matter (identification task) and also to distinguish different types of lesions based on their etiology: demyelinating or ischemic (classification task). The method combines texture analysis with the use of classifiers, such as Support Vector Machine (SVM), Nearst Neighboor (1NN), Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Optimum Path Forest (OPF). Experiments with real brain MRI data showed that the proposed method is suitable to identify and classify the brain lesions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 March 2013
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8669, Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing, 86693P (13 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2006924
Show Author Affiliations
Mariana Bento, State Univ. of Campinas (Brazil)
Letícia Rittner, State Univ. of Campinas (Brazil)
Simone Appenzeller, State Univ. of Campinas (Brazil)
Aline Lapa, State Univ. of Campinas (Brazil)
Roberto Lotufo, State Univ. of Campinas (Brazil)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8669:
Medical Imaging 2013: Image Processing
Sebastien Ourselin; David R. Haynor, Editor(s)

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