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Proceedings Paper

Continuous, high-speed, volumetric photoacoustic microscopy via a field programmable gate array
Author(s): Scott P. Mattison; Ryan L. Shelton; Ryan T. Maxson; Brian E. Applegate
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Paper Abstract

The ability to collect data in real time is important in all biological imaging modalities that aim to image dynamic processes. Photoacoustic Microscopy (PAM) is a rapidly growing biomedical imaging technique that is often used to image microvasculature and melanoma, and is capable of fully rendering three-dimensional images. However, due to the bi-polar nature of the PAM signal, post processing through demodulation is required to accurately display morphological data. Typically, demodulation requires post processing of the data, limiting its use in real-time applications. This results in many PAM systems displaying data through maximum amplitude projection (MAP) images, completely ignoring the axial dimension of their scans and throwing away useful data. We overcome this processing limit by utilizing a configurable integrated circuit known as a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The FPGA allows us to perform quadrature demodulation of the photoacoustic signal as it is being collected. The result is a PAM system capable of producing continuous, morphologically accurate B-scans and volumes at a rate limited only by the repetition rate of the laser. This allows us to generate accurately rendered volumes at the same speed as MAP images. With a 100 KHz actively q-switched laser we are able to generate 200 by 200 pixel b-scans at a rate of 500 Hz. The imaging potential of the system has been demonstrated in volumes of human hair phantoms and chick embryo vasculature. This system is capable of 50 x 50 x 50 volume stacks processed and displayed at better than video rate.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2013
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8581, Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2013, 85813I (4 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2004693
Show Author Affiliations
Scott P. Mattison, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)
Ryan L. Shelton, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)
Ryan T. Maxson, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)
Brian E. Applegate, Texas A&M Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8581:
Photons Plus Ultrasound: Imaging and Sensing 2013
Alexander A. Oraevsky; Lihong V. Wang, Editor(s)

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