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Proceedings Paper

Fluorometry of ischemia reperfusion injury in rat lungs in vivo
Author(s): R. Sepehr; K. Staniszewski; E. R. Jacobs; S. Audi; Mahsa Ranji
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Paper Abstract

Previously we demonstrated the utility of optical fluorometry to evaluate lung tissue mitochondrial redox state in isolated perfused rats lungs under various chemically-induced respiratory states. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of acute ischemia on lung tissue mitochondrial redox state in vivo using optical fluorometry. Under ischemic conditions, insufficient oxygen supply to the mitochondrial chain should reduce the mitochondrial redox state calculated from the ratio of the auto-fluorescent mitochondrial metabolic coenzymes NADH (Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide) and FAD (Flavoprotein Adenine Dinucleotide). The chest of anesthetized, and mechanically ventilated Sprague-Dawley rat was opened to induce acute ischemia by clamping the left hilum to block both blood flow and ventilation to one lung for approximately 10 minutes. NADH and FAD fluorescent signals were recorded continuously in a dark room via a fluorometer probe placed on the pleural surface of the left lung. Acute ischemia caused a decrease in FAD and an increase in NADH, which resulted in an increase in the mitochondrial redox ratio (RR=NADH/FAD). Restoration of blood flow and ventilation by unclamping the left hilum returned the RR back to its baseline. These results (increase in RR under ischemia) show promise for the fluorometer to be used in a clinical setting for evaluating the effect of pulmonary ischemia-reperfusion on lung tissue mitochondrial redox state in real time.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2013
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 8580, Dynamics and Fluctuations in Biomedical Photonics X, 85800W (1 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2002094
Show Author Affiliations
R. Sepehr, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)
K. Staniszewski, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)
E. R. Jacobs, Zablocki VA Medical Ctr. (United States)
S. Audi, Zablocki VA Medical Ctr. (United States)
Marquette Univ. (United States)
Mahsa Ranji, Univ. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8580:
Dynamics and Fluctuations in Biomedical Photonics X
Valery V. Tuchin; Donald D. Duncan; Kirill V. Larin; Martin J. Leahy; Ruikang K. Wang, Editor(s)

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