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Proceedings Paper

Robust optimization of 2x2 multimode interference couplers with fabrication uncertainties
Author(s): Samee ur Rehman; Matthijs Langelaar; Fred Van Keulen
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel design-for-manufacture strategy for integrated photonics which specifically addresses the commonly encountered scenario in which probability distributions of the manufacturing variations are not available, however their bounds are known. The best design point for the device, in the presence of these uncertainties, can be found by applying robust optimization. This is performed by minimizing the maximum realizable value of the objective with respect to the uncertainty set so that an optimum is found whose performance is relatively immune to fabrication variations. Instead of applying robust optimization directly on a computationally expensive simulation model of the integrated photonic device, we construct a cheap surrogate model by uniformly sampling the simulated device at different values of the design variables and interpolating the resulting objective using a Kriging metamodel. By applying robust optimization on the constructed surrogate, the global robust optimum can be found at low computational cost. As an illustration of the method's general applicability, we apply the robust optimization approach on a 2x2 multimode interference (MMI) coupler. We robustly minimize the imbalance in the presence of uncertainties arising from variations in the fabricated design geometry. For this example device, we also study the influence of the number of sample points on the quality of the metamodel and on the robust optimization process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 March 2013
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8627, Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XVII, 862713 (6 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2000647
Show Author Affiliations
Samee ur Rehman, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
Matthijs Langelaar, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
Fred Van Keulen, Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8627:
Integrated Optics: Devices, Materials, and Technologies XVII
Jean Emmanuel Broquin; Gualtiero Nunzi Conti, Editor(s)

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