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Proceedings Paper

MEMS axicons for nondiffracting line shaping of ultrashort pulses
Author(s): A. Treffer; S. K. Das; M. Bock; J. Brunne; U. Wallrabe; R. Grunwald
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Paper Abstract

For a growing number of applications in nonlinear spectroscopy, micro- and nano-machining, optical data processing, metrology or medicine, an adaptive shaping of ultrashort pulsed, ultrabroadband laser beams into propagation-invariant linear focal zones (light blades) is required. One example is the femtosecond laser high-speed large area nanostructuring with moving substrates and cylindrical optics we reported about recently. Classical microoptical systems, however, distort the temporal pulse structure of few cycle pulses by diffraction and dispersion. The temporal pulse transfer can be improved with innovative types of reflective MEMS axicons based on two integrated rectangular mirrors, tilted by a piezoelectric bending actuator. In contrast to pixelated liquid-crystal-on-silicon (LCoS) based devices, cutoff frequencies in multi-kilohertz range, a purely reflective setup and continuous profiles with larger phase shift are realized which enable for shaping extended propagation-invariant zones at a faster and more robust operation. Additionally, a fixed phase offset can be part of the structure. Here, the performance of a prototype of linear mechanically tunable MEMS axicon is demonstrated by generating a pseudo-nondiffracting line focus of variable diameter and depth extension from a femtosecond laser pulse. The temporal transfer of 6-fs pulses of a Ti:sapphire laser oscillator is characterized with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction (SPIDER) and spatially resolved nonlinear autocorrelation. Spatial and temporal self-reconstruction properties were studied. The application of the flexible focus to the excitation of plasmon-polaritons and the self-organized formation of coherently linked deep sub-wavelength laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) in semiconductors and dielectrics is reported.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2013
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8637, Complex Light and Optical Forces VII, 86370M (5 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2000544
Show Author Affiliations
A. Treffer, Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie (Germany)
S. K. Das, Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie (Germany)
M. Bock, Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie (Germany)
J. Brunne, Univ. of Freiburg (Germany)
U. Wallrabe, Univ. of Freiburg (Germany)
R. Grunwald, Max-Born-Institut für Nichtlineare Optik und Kurzzeitspektroskopie (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8637:
Complex Light and Optical Forces VII
Jesper Glückstad; David L. Andrews; Enrique J. Galvez, Editor(s)

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