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Proceedings Paper

Fiber optic suctioning of urinary stone phantoms during laser lithotripsy
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Paper Abstract

Fiber optic attraction of urinary stones during laser lithotripsy has been previously observed, and this phenomenon may potentially be exploited to pull stones inside the urinary tract without mechanical grasping tools, thus saving the urologist valuable time and space in the ureteroscope’s single working channel. In this study, Thulium fiber laser (TFL) high-pulse-rate/low-pulse-energy operation and Holmium:YAG low-pulse-rate/high-pulse-energy operation are compared for fiber optic “suctioning” of Plaster-of-Paris stone phantoms. A TFL with wavelength of 1908 nm, pulse energy of 35 mJ, pulse duration of 500 μs, and pulse rate of 10-350 Hz, and Holmium laser with wavelength of 2120 nm, pulse energy of 35-360 mJ, pulse duration of 300 μs, and pulse rate of 20 Hz were tested using 270-μm-core fibers. A peak “pull” speed of ~ 2.5 mm/s was measured for both TFL (35 mJ and 150-250 Hz) and Holmium laser (210 mJ and 20 Hz). Particle image velocimetry and thermal imaging were used to track water flow for all parameters. Fiber optic suctioning of urinary stone phantoms is feasible for both lasers. However, TFL operation at high-pulse-rates/low-pulse-energies provides faster, smoother stone pulling than Holmium operation at low-pulserates/ high-pulse-energies. After further study, this method may be used to manipulate urinary stones in the clinic.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 March 2013
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8565, Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IX, 856518 (8 March 2013); doi: 10.1117/12.2000535
Show Author Affiliations
Richard L. Blackmon, The Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte (United States)
Jason R. Case, The Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte (United States)
Susan R. Trammell, The Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte (United States)
Pierce B. Irby, Carolinas Medical Ctr. (United States)
Nathaniel M. Fried, The Univ. of North Carolina at Charlotte (United States)
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8565:
Photonic Therapeutics and Diagnostics IX
Andreas Mandelis; Brian Jet-Fei Wong; Anita Mahadevan-Jansen; Henry Hirschberg M.D.; Hyun Wook Kang; Nikiforos Kollias; Melissa J. Suter; Kenton W. Gregory M.D.; Guillermo J. Tearney M.D.; Stephen Lam; Bernard Choi; Steen J. Madsen; Bodo E. Knudsen M.D.; E. Duco Jansen; Justus F. Ilgner M.D.; Haishan Zeng; Matthew Brenner; Laura Marcu, Editor(s)

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