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Proceedings Paper

A proposal to describe a phenomenon of expanding language
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Paper Abstract

Changes of knowledge, convictions or beliefs are subjects of interest in frame of so called epistemic logic. There are various proposed descriptions of a process (or its results) in which so a called agent may invent certain changes in a set of sentences that he had already chosen as a point of his knowledge, convictions or beliefs (and this is also considered in case of many agents). In the presented paper we are interested in the changeability of an agent's language which is by its own independent from already mentioned changes. Modern epistemic formalizations assume that the agent uses a fixed (and so we could say: static) language in which he expresses his various opinions which may change. Our interest is to simulate a situation when a language is extended by adding to it new expressions which were not known by the agent so he couldn’t even consider them as subjects of his opinions. Actually such a phenomenon happens both in natural and scientific languages. Let us mention a fact of expanding languages in process of learning or in result of getting of new data about some described domain. We propose a simple idealization of extending sentential language used by one agent. Actually the language is treated as a family of so called n-languages which get some epistemic interpretation. Proposed semantics enables us to distinguish between two different types of changes - these which occur because of changing agent's convictions about logical values of some n-sentences - we describe them using one place operator C to be read it changes that - and changes that consist in increasing the level of n-language by adding to it new expressions. However the second type of change - symbolized by variable G - may be also considered independently of the first one. The logical frame of our considerations comes from and it was originally used to describe Aristotelian theory of substantial changes. This time we apply the mentioned logic in epistemology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 October 2012
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8454, Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments 2012, 845424 (15 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.2000227
Show Author Affiliations
Kordula Swietorzecka, Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski Univ. in Warsaw (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8454:
Photonics Applications in Astronomy, Communications, Industry, and High-Energy Physics Experiments 2012
Ryszard S. Romaniuk, Editor(s)

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