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Proceedings Paper

Photodynamic therapy of human skin tumors using topical application of 5-aminolevulinic acid, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), and edetic acid disodium salt (EDTA)
Author(s): Arie Orenstein M.D.; Gennady Kostenich; H. Tsur; Leonid Roitman; Benjamin Ehrenberg; Zvi Malik
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Paper Abstract

The results of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in 48 patients bearing basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and 7 patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the skin are described. Five- aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) was applied topically in two formulations. The first formulation contained 20% of 5-ALA in a base cream, and the second formulation (5-ALA composite cream), contained an additional 2% of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) and 2% of edetic acid disodium salt (EDTA). The creams were left on the skin for 2 - 5 hours. Production of protoporphyrin (PP) was measured in situ by a laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) method. The results of fluorescence measurement clearly indicate that PP accumulation in tumors induced by the 5-ALA composite cream was markedly higher than that induced by the 5-ALA cream. The tumors were light-irradiated (600 - 720 nm) after 4 - 5 hours of cream applications, using the light delivery system Versa-Light by a light dose of 100 J/cm2. The clinically superficial BCC tumors were highly responsive to PDT; the overall result in BCC patients was an 85.4% complete response. Histological examination showed an initial edematous reaction, followed by necrosis and complete disappearance of the tumor. The superficial SCC tumors showed a 100% complete response after PDT. The ulcerated nodular SCC showed partial responses.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 January 1995
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 2325, Photodynamic Therapy of Cancer II, (12 January 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.199178
Show Author Affiliations
Arie Orenstein M.D., Sheba Medical Ctr. (Israel)
Gennady Kostenich, Sheba Medical Ctr. (Israel)
H. Tsur, Sheba Medical Ctr. (Israel)
Leonid Roitman, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Benjamin Ehrenberg, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)
Zvi Malik, Bar-Ilan Univ. (Israel)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2325:
Photodynamic Therapy of Cancer II
Daniel Brault; Giulio Jori; Johan Moan; Benjamin Ehrenberg, Editor(s)

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