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Proceedings Paper

Clementine mission
Author(s): Pete L. Rustan
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Paper Abstract

The U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) started a cooperative program in 1992 to flight qualify recently developed lightweight technologies in a radiation stressed environment. The spacecraft, referred to as Clementine, was designed, built, and launched in less than a two year period. The spacecraft was launched into a high inclination orbit from Vandenburg Air Force Base in California on a Titan IIG launch vehicle in January 1994. The spacecraft was injected into a 420 by 3000 km orbit around the Moon and remained there for over two months. Unfortunately, after successfully completing the Lunar phase of the mission, a software malfunction prevented the accomplishment of the near-Earth asteroid (NEA) phase. Some of the technologies incorporated in the Clementine spacecraft include: a 370 gram, 7 watt star tracker camera; a 500 gram, 6 watt, UV/Vis camera; a 1600 gram, 30 watt Indium Antimonide focal plane array NIR camera; a 1650 gram, 30 watt, Mercury Cadmium Telluride LWIR camera; a LIDAR camera which consists of a Nd:YAG diode pumped laser for ranging and an intensified photocathode charge-coupled detector for imaging. The scientific results of the mission will be first analyzed by a NASA selected team, and then will be available to the entire community.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 January 1995
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 2317, Platforms and Systems, (9 January 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.198949
Show Author Affiliations
Pete L. Rustan, Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (United States)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2317:
Platforms and Systems
William L. Barnes; Brian J. Horais, Editor(s)

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