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Proceedings Paper

Laser-induced fluorescence in the detection of esophageal carcinoma
Author(s): Kenneth K. Wang; Kumar Gutta; Mark A. Laukka; John Densmore
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Paper Abstract

Laser induced fluorescence (LIF) is a technique which can perform an 'optical biopsy' of gastrointestinal mucosa. LIF was performed in resected specimens using a pulsed N2-laser coupled fiberoptically to a probe. Fluorescence was measured using a 0.2 meter spectroscope with an intensified photodiode array. Measurements were made on fresh (<30 minutes after resection) esophageal specimens containing normal mucosa, Barrett's esophagus, and adenocarcinoma. Each tissue section was examined using an optical probe consisting of a central fiber for delivering the excitation energy and a 6 fiber bundle surrounding the central fiber for detection of the fluorescence. An excitation wavelength of 337 nm was used which generated 3-ns pulses while fluorescence intensities were acquired from 300-800 nm. Spectra were obtained from each section in a standardized fashion and background spectra subtracted. Fluorescence readings were taken from 54 normal esophageal sections and 32 sections of adenocarcinoma. A fluorescence index obtained from the tumor sections was 0.68+/- 0.01 compared with 0.51+/- 0.01 for the normal sections (p<0.001). Using a discriminant value of 0.65, this technique had a sensitivity of 81% and a specificity of 100% for detection of malignant tissue. The positive predictive value was 100% and the negative predictive value was 90% for an overall accuracy of 93%. LIF is a promising technique which has the capability of distinguishing normal versus malignant tissue in the esophagus with good accuracy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 January 1995
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 2324, Optical Biopsy and Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Imaging, (4 January 1995); doi: 10.1117/12.198731
Show Author Affiliations
Kenneth K. Wang, Mayo Clinic and Foundation (United States)
Kumar Gutta, Mayo Clinic and Foundation (United States)
Mark A. Laukka, Mayo Clinic and Foundation (United States)
John Densmore, Mayo Clinic and Foundation (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2324:
Optical Biopsy and Fluorescence Spectroscopy and Imaging
Rinaldo Cubeddu; Renato Marchesini; Serge R. Mordon; Katarina Svanberg M.D.; Herbert H. Rinneberg; Georges A. Wagnieres, Editor(s)

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