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Proceedings Paper

Optical and electrical properties of pulsed laser annealed thin Si films
Author(s): J. Bischof; Johannes Boneberg; C. H. Dorfmueller; Manfred Keil; Martha Ch. Lux-Steiner; Paul Leiderer
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Paper Abstract

Thin Si films used for solar energy purposes are commonly treated by relatively slow thermal annealing on a time scale of seconds to obtain the proper electrical behavior. We investigate a different approach, in which the films are annealed and/or molten by a frequency doubled Q- switched Nd:YAG laser pulse on a nanosecond time scale. We studied thin polycrystalline Si films of thickness between 43 nm and 259 nm on fused silica and on sapphire substrates. The different thermal conductivities of these substrates lead to different quench rates for the molten Si films. The optical and electrical properties of the Si films were systematically characterized during, respectively after the various annealing conditions. In addition we monitored the solidification process in situ by time-resolved optical measurements. At low energy densities the film is not completely molten by the laser pulse and resolidification takes place at the moving liquid-solid interface. Above a thickness-dependent threshold energy density complete melting is observed and nucleation in the supercooled melt prevails. In the latter case Sameshima and Usui showed that amorphization can be observed for Si films on fused silica up to thicknesses of 36 nm. We found that Si films on sapphire even with a thickness of 80 nm can be amophized. The reproducible threshold values suggest the possibility of lateral structuring.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 1994
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 2255, Optical Materials Technology for Energy Efficiency and Solar Energy Conversion XIII, (9 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.185421
Show Author Affiliations
J. Bischof, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)
Johannes Boneberg, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)
C. H. Dorfmueller, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)
Manfred Keil, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)
Martha Ch. Lux-Steiner, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)
Paul Leiderer, Univ. Konstanz (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2255:
Optical Materials Technology for Energy Efficiency and Solar Energy Conversion XIII
Volker Wittwer; Claes G. Granqvist; Carl M. Lampert, Editor(s)

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