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Proceedings Paper

Thermal effects on CO2 laser-irradiated dental enamel at 9.3, 9.6, 10.3, and 10.6 microns
Author(s): Daniel Fried; Scott F. Borzillary; Sandra M. McCormack; Richard E. Glena; John D. B. Featherstone; Wolf D. Seka
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Paper Abstract

Human and bovine enamel samples were irradiated with a pulsed CO2 laser at (lambda) equals 9.3, 9.6, 10.3, and 10.6 micrometers with 5 - 10 J/cm2 pulses of 50 - 500 microsecond(s) duration in order to determine the required energy densities needed to fuse the enamel surface. The resulting temperature rise at the sample surface ranged from 500 to 1500 degree(s)C, as measured by a HgCdZnTe detector. The temperature was significantly higher at 9.3 and 9.6 micrometers than at 10.3 and 10.6 micrometers for the same absorbed energy. Scanning electron micrographs of the irradiated enamel revealed surface changes that were consistent with the surface temperature observations. The temperature rise at the ceiling of the pulse chamber determines the risk of pulpal necrosis. This temperature was measured using thermocouples and a thermal imaging camera for different pulse repetition rates and number of pulses. These results indicate that the more efficient absorption at (lambda) equals 9.3 and 9.6 micrometers may be used to fuse enamel at lower laser energies, therefore requiring less energy, significantly reducing the risk of pulpal necrosis during laser treatment.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 September 1994
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 2128, Laser Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems IV, (7 September 1994); doi: 10.1117/12.184884
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel Fried, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)
Scott F. Borzillary, Eastman Dental Ctr. (United States)
Sandra M. McCormack, Eastman Dental Ctr. (United States)
Richard E. Glena, Eastman Dental Ctr. (United States)
John D. B. Featherstone, Eastman Dental Ctr. (United States)
Wolf D. Seka, Univ. of Rochester/Lab. for Laser Energetics (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 2128:
Laser Surgery: Advanced Characterization, Therapeutics, and Systems IV
R. Rox Anderson M.D.; R. Rox Anderson M.D., Editor(s)

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